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Pulmonary Embolism After Vertebroplasty with Use of Hydroxyapatite BlocksA Case Report
Kotaro Satake, MD1; Tokumi Kanemura, MD1; Hidetoshi Yamaguchi, MD1; Akiyuki Matsumoto, MD2
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Konan Kosei Hospital, 137 Takayamachi Ohmatsubara, Konan, Japan 483-8704. E-mail address for K. Satake: k-satake@konan.jaaikosei.or.jp
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University, 56 Tsurumacho Showa-ku, Nagoya, Japan 466-8550
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Konan Kosei Hospital, Konan, Japan



Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2013 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
JBJS Case Connector, 2013 Dec 24;3(4):e132 1-3. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.CC.M.00159
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Extract

Pulmonary embolism following vertebroplasty with use of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) has been reported in various publications1-3. Pulmonary embolism occurs as a result of extravertebral cement leakage and migration through paravertebral veins and the inferior vena cava4.
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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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